Meg Caldwell serves as the executive director for the Center for Ocean Solutions. She also directs the Environmental and Natural Resources Law & Policy Program at Stanford Law School, where her research and teaching focuses on the use of science in environmental and marine resource policy development and implementation as well as private and public incentives for natural resource conservation. She is also an honorary professor in the Global Change Institute at the University of Queensland, Australia.
She served on the California Coastal Commission from 2004-2007 and 2009-present including two years as its chairperson. While chair of the Commission, Caldwell also served on the board of the California Coastal Conservancy. Caldwell is a regular in Washington, D.C. and Sacramento alike, working with elected officials, ocean and coastal agencies and their stakeholders to tackle major challenges with practical approaches. She has testified in Congress regarding reauthorization of the National Marine Sanctuaries Act and the ecological and economic impacts of the BP Deepwater Horizon oil disaster. She also served as a senior consultant to the National Commissions on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling, providing both oral testimony and written reports to the Commission on recommendations to reform federal oversight of offshore exploration and drilling. From 2004 to 2011, she was a member of the California Marine Life Protection Act Blue Ribbon Task Force for the central, north central, south and north coasts. Her work with the Task Force helped the State of California establish the largest network of marine protected areas in the nation.
Before joining the Stanford Law School faculty in 1994, Caldwell was an instructor at San Jose State University and the University of California, Davis Extension; counsel for MicroCLEAN, Inc.; a member of the City of Saratoga Planning Commission; and an associate in the environmental law group of McCutchen, Doyle, Brown & Enersen. She earned her B.S. in business administration (with an emphasis on economic analysis and policy) from the University of California at Berkeley and her J.D. from Stanford Law School.
Kittinger JN, Finkbeiner EM, Ban NC, Broad K, Carr MH, Cinner JE, Gelcich S, Cornwell ML, Koehn JZ, Basurto X, Fujita R, Caldwell MR, Crowder LB, Emerging frontiers in social-ecological systems research for sustainability of small-scale fisheries, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability (in press).
Kirlin J, Caldwell MR, Gleason M, Weber M, Ugoretz J, Fox E, Miller-Henson M, California’s Marine Life Protection Act Initiative: Supporting implementation of legislation establishing a statewide network of marine protected areas, 74 Ocean and Coastal Management 3 (2013). ISSN 0964-5691, 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2012.08.015.www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0964569112002323
Fox E, Miller-Henson M, Ugoretz J, Weber M, Gleason M, Kirlin J, Caldwell MR, Mastrup S, Enabling conditions to support marine protected area network planning: California's Marine Life Protection Act Initiative as a case study, 74 Ocean and Coastal Management 14 (2013). ISSN 0964-5691, 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2012.07.005.www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0964569112001640
Gleason M, Fox E, Ashcraft S, Vasques J, Whiteman E, Serpa P, Saarman E, Caldwell MR, Frimodig A, Miller-Henson M, Kirlin J, Ota B, Pope E, Weber M, Wiseman K, Designing a network of marine protected areas in California: achievements, costs, lessons learned, and challenges ahead, 74 Ocean and Coastal Management 90 (2013). ISSN 0964-5691, 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2012.08.013.www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S096456911200230X
Kelly RP and Caldwell MR, “Not Supported by Current Science”: The National Forest Management Act and the Lessons of Environmental Monitoring for the Future of Public Resources Management, Stanford Environmental Law Journal (in press).
Ryan P. Kelly and Margaret R. Caldwell. Ten Ways States Can Combat Ocean Acidification (And Why They Should), Harvard Environmental Law Review (2013).
Caldwell, M. R., Hartge, E. H., Ewing, L. C., Griggs, G., Kelly, R. P., Moser, S. C., Newkirk, S. G., Smyth, R. A., & Woodson, C. B. Chapter 9: Coastal Issues. In: Garfin, G., Jardine, A., Merideth, R., Black, M., & LeRoy, S. Assessment of Climate Change in the Southwest United States in the National Climate Assessment Regional Technical Input Series (2013).
John Kirlin, Meg Caldwell, Mary Gleason, Mike Weber, John Ugoretz, Evan Fox, Melissa Miller-Henson. California's Marine Life Protection Act Initiative: Supporting implementation of legislation establishing a statewide network of marine protected areas. Ocean and Coastal Management (2013).
Evan Fox, Melissa Miller-Henson, John Ugoretz, Mike Weber, Mary Gleason, John Kirlin, Meg Caldwell, Sonke Mastrup. Enabling conditions to support marine protected area network planning: California's Marine Life Protection Act Initiative as a case study. Ocean and Coastal Management (2013).
Mary Gleason, Evan Fox, Susan Ashcraft, Jason Vasques, Elizabeth Whiteman, Paulo Serpa, Emily Saarman, Meg Caldwell, Adam Frimodig, Melissa Miller-Henson, John Kirlin, Becky Ota, Elizabeth Pope, Mike Weber, Ken Wiseman. Designing a network of marine protected areas in California: Achievements, costs, lessons learned, and challenges ahead. (2013).
Ryan Kelly and Meg Caldwell. Limits of Water Quality Criteria, Environmental Forum, Stanford Law School (2012).
Ashley L. Erickson, Melissa M. Foley, Erin E. Prahler, Margaret R. Caldwell. Incorporating Ecological Principles into California Ocean and Coastal Management: Examples from Practice. Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University, California. Center for Ocean Solutions. (July 2012).
Ryan P. Kelly, Margaret R. Caldwell. Why Ocean Acidification Matters to California, and What California Can Do About It: A Report on the Power of California's State Government to Address Ocean Acidification in State Waters. Center for Ocean Solutions. (March 2012).
R. P. Kelly, M. M. Foley, W. S. Fisher, R. A. Feely, B. S. Halpern, G. G. Waldbusser and M. R. Caldwell Mitigating Local Causes of Ocean Acidification with Existing Laws
Tallis, H. et al. New Metrics for Managing and Sustaining the Ocean's Bounty. Marine Policy (2011), doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2011.03.013
Ocean Research and Resources Advisory Panel, Ocean Acidification Task Force Summary of Work Completed and Recommendations for ORRAP to Convey to the IWGOA (2011).
Margaret E. Peloso and Margaret R. Caldwell, Dynamic Property Rights: The Public Trust Doctrine and Takings in a Changing Climate, 30 Stan. Env. L. J. 51 (2011)
Michael Osmond, Satie Airame, Margaret Caldwell, John Day, Lessons for Marine Conservation Planning: A Comparison of Three Marine Protected Area Planning Processes, 53 Ocean & Coastal Management 41 (2010).
M.M. Foley, B.S. Halpern, F. Micheli, M.H. Armsby, M.R. Caldwell, C.M. Crain, E. Prahler, N. Rohr, D. Sivas, M.W. Beck, M.H. Carr, L.B. Crowder, J.E. Duffy, S.D. Hacker, K. McLeod, S.R. Palumbi, C.H. Peterson, H.M. Regan, M.H. Ruckelshaus, P.A. Sandifer, R.S. Steneck. Guiding ecological principles for marine spatial planning. 2010. Marine Policy, doi: 10.1016/j.marpol2010.02.001
Deborah A. Sivas and Margaret R. Caldwell, A New Vision for California Ocean Governance: Comprehensive Ecosystem-Based Marine Zoning, 27 Stanford Environmental Law Journal 209 (January 2008).
Caldwell, Margaret, Tegan Churcher Hoffman, Stephen Palumbi, Jessica Teisch, Chelsea Tu. 2009. Pacific Ocean Synthesis: Scientific Literature Review of Coastal and Ocean Threats, Impacts, and Solutions. Center for Ocean Solutions. The Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University, California.
Caldwell, Margaret; Arlo Hemphill, Tegan Churcher Hoffman, Stephen Palumbi, Jessica Teisch, Chelsea Tu. 2009. Pacific Ocean Synthesis Executive Summary: Scientific Literature Review of Coastal and Ocean Threats, Impacts and Solutions. Center for Ocean Solutions. The Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University, Calfornia.
Reauthorization of the National Marine Sanctuaries Act: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife and Oceans of the House Committee on Natural Resources, 110th Congress (November 3, 2007) (statement of Meg Caldwell, Senior Lecturer in Law at Stanford Law School, Member of the California Marine Life Protection Act Initiative Blue Ribbon Task Force).
Meg Caldwell, Peter Morgan, Deborah Sivas, and Alicia Thesing, Local Initiatives to Implement the Endangered Species Act: The Challenge of Developing Habitat Conservation Plans, in The Endangered Species Act and Federalism: Innovative Uses of States and Local Governments for Species Conservation, Kaush Arha and Barton H. Thompson, eds., Washington, DC: Resources for the Future, forthcoming.
Meg Caldwell and Craig Segall, No Day at the Beach: Sea Level Rise, Ecosystem Loss, and Public Access Along the California Coast, 34 Ecology Law Quarterly 533 (2007).
Margaret R. Caldwell, Peter M. Morgan, Liba Pejchar, Gretchen C. Daily, and Carl Palmer, Evaluating the Potential for Conservation Development: Biophysical, Economic, and Institutional Perspectives, 21 Conservation Biology 69 (2007).
Meg Caldwell, Proposition 90 Would Doom Coast to Over-Development, San Jose Mercury News, October 19, 2006, p. 18A.
Caldwell, Margaret R. International Environmental Law (International Legal Developments in Review: 2003), 18 International Lawyer 477 (2004). (With Richard J. Ferris, Kevin T. Harroff, Nicole L. Leonard and Gwen Parker)